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定价: 605元 / 折扣价: 515 加购物车

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This guide specifies standard specification for heavy-wall carbon and alloy steel pipe made from turned and bored forgings and is intended for high-temperature service. Heat and product analysis shall be conducted on several grades of ferritic steels, wherein the material shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, chromium, and molybdenum. The steel pipe shall conform to the required tensile properties like tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Required mechanical tests for the steel pipe include transverse or longitudinal tension test, flattening test, and bend test.1.1 This specification2 covers heavy-wall carbon and alloy steel pipe (Note 1) made from turned and bored forgings and is intended for high-temperature service. Pipe ordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending and other forming operations and for fusion welding. Selection will depend on design, service conditions, mechanical properties and high-temperature characteristics.NOTE 1: The use of the word “pipe” throughout the several sections of this specification is used in the broad sense and intended to mean pipe headers, or leads.NOTE 2: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”1.2 Several grades of ferritic steels are covered. Their compositions are given in Table 1.1.3 Supplementary requirements (S1 to S7) of an optional nature are provided. Supplementary requirements S1 to S5 call for additional tests to be made, and when desired shall be so stated in the order, together with the number of such tests required as applicable.1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 590元 / 折扣价: 502 加购物车

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This specification covers aluminum and aluminum-alloy seamless pipe and seamless extruded tube for gas and oil transmission and distribution piping systems. The pipe and tube shall be produced from hollow extrusion ingot (cast in hollow form or pierced) and shall be extruded by use of the die and mandrel method. The pipe and tube shall conform to the chemical composition requirements specified. The determination of chemical composition shall be made in accordance with suitable chemical (test methods E 34), or spectrochemical (test methods E 227, E 607, and E 1251) methods. Heat treatment for the production of T1 and T5-type tempers shall be in accordance with Practice B 807, and for the production of T4 and T6-type tempers, except as noted, shall be in accordance with practice B 918. Unless otherwise specified, alloys 6061, 6063, and 6351 may be solution heat treated and quenched at the extrusion press in accordance with practice B 807 for the production of T4 and T6-type tempers, as applicable. The material shall conform to the tensile property requirements specified. The tension tests shall be made in accordance with test methods B 557 and B 557M. Pipe and tube heat treated at the extrusion press shall conform to all requirements specified.1.1 This specification covers seamless pipe and seamless extruded tube in the aluminum and aluminum alloys (Note 1) and tempers listed in Table 1 and Table 2, respectively. Seamless pipe and seamless tube are intended for use in applications involving internal pressure.Note 1—Throughout this specification use of the term alloy in the general sense includes aluminum as well as aluminum alloy.Note 2—For drawn seamless tubes, see Specifications B210 and B210M; for extruded tubes, Specifications B221 and B221M; for drawn seamless tubes for condensers and heat exchangers, Specifications B234 and B234M; for seamless pipe and seamless extruded tube, B241/B241M; for round welded tubes, Specification B313/B313M; for seamless condenser and heat exchanger tubes with integral fins, Specification ; for extruded structural pipe and tube, Specification B429/B429M; and for drawn tube for general purpose applications, Specification B483/B483M.1.2 Alloy and temper designations are in accordance with ANSI H35.1 [H35.1M]. The equivalent Unified Numbering System alloy designations are those of Table 3 preceded by A9, for example, A93003 for aluminum alloy 3003 in accordance with Practice E527.1.3 For acceptance criteria for inclusion of new aluminum and aluminum alloys in this specification, see Annex A2.1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.TABLE 1 Tensile Property Limits for Extruded Seamless PipeA,BAlloy Temper Pipe Size,in. Strength, min, ksi [MPa] ElongationC,DTensile Yield (0.2 % Offset) in 2 in. [50 mm] or 4×Diameter, min, % in 5 × D(5.65)3003 H18 under 1 27.0 [185] 24.0 [165] 4 4 H112 1 and over 14.0 [95] 5.0 [35] 25 226061 T6 under 1 38.0 [260] 35.0 [240] 8 ... 1 and over 38.0 [260] 35.0 [240] 10E 96063 T6 all 30.0 [205] 25.0 [170] 8 76351 T5T6 allall 38.0 [260]42.0 [290] 35.0 [240]37.0 [255] 10E10F 99A The basis for establishment of mechanical property limits is given in Annex A1 of this specification.B To determine conformance to this specification, each value for tensile strength and for yield strength shall be rounded to the nearest 0.1 ksi [MPa] and each value for elongation to the nearest 0.5 %, both in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.C Elongation of full-section and sheet-type specimens is measured in 2 in.; of cut-out round specimens, 4× specimen diameter.D Elongations in 50 mm apply for pipe tested in full sections and for sheet-type specimens machined from material up through 12.5 mm in thickness having parallel surfaces. Elongations in 5 × D (at 5.65), where D and A are diameter and cross-sectional area of the specimen, respectively, apply to round test specimens machined from thicknesses over 6.30 mm.E The minimum elongation for a wall thickness up through 0.249 in. [6.3 mm] is 8 %.F For wall thickness 0.124 in. [3.20 mm] and less, the minimum elongation is 8 %.TABLE 2 Tensile Property Limits for Extruded Seamless TubeA,BTemper Specified WallThickness, in. [mm] Area, in.2 [mm2] Tensile Strength, ksi [MPa] Yield Strength(0.2 % offset)ksi [MPa], min ElongationC,Dmin max in 2 in. [50 mm] or4 × D min,% in 5 × D(5.65)EAluminum 1060FOH112 allall allall 8.5 [60]8.5 [60] 14.0 [95]... [...] 2.5 [15]2.5 [15] 2525G 2222GAlloy 3003FOH112 allall allall 14.0 [95]14.0 [95] 19.0 [130]... [...] 5.0 [35]5.0 [35] 2525 2222Alloy Alclad 3003FOH112 allall allall 13.0 [90]13.0 [90] 18.0 [125]... [...] 4.5 [30]4.5 [30] 2525 2222Alloy 5083FOH111H112 all [130.00]all [130.00]all [130.00] up through 32.0 [20 000]up through 32.0 [20 000]up through 32.0 [20 000] 39.0 [270]40.0 [275]39.0 [270] 51.0 [350]... [...]... [...] 16.0 [110]24.0 [165]16.0 [110] 141212 121010Alloy 5086FOH111H112 all [130.00]all [130.00]all [130.00] up through 32.0 [20 000]up through 32.0 [20 000]up through 32.0 [20 000] 35.0 [240]36.0 [250]35.0 [240] 46.0 [315]... [...]... [...] 14.0 [95]21.0 [145]14.0 [95] 141212 121010Alloy 6061FOH all all ... [...] 22.0 [150] 16.0I [...] 16 14T1 [16.00] all [180] ... [...] [95] 16 14 all all 26.0 [180] ... [...] 16.0 [110] 16 14T42J all all 26.0 [180] ... [...] 12.0 [85] 16 14T51 [16.00] all [240] ... [...] [205] 8 7 up through 0.249 [6.30]0.250 and over [6.30] allall 38.0 [260]38.0 [260] ... [...]... [...] 35.0 [240]35.0 [240] 810 ...9Alloy 6063FOHT1K allup through 0.500 [12.50]0.501–1.000 [12.50–25.00] ... [all]allall ... [...]17.0 [115]16.0 [110] 19.0 [130]... [...]... [...] ... [...]9.0 [60]8.0 [55] 181212 [...] 161010T4, T42L up through 0.500 [12.50] all 19.0 [130] ... [...] 10.0 [70] 14 12 0.501–1.000 [12.50–25.00] all 18.0 [125] ... [...] 9.0 [60] 14 [...] 12T5 up through 0.500 [12.50] all 22.0 [150] ... [...] 16.0 [110] 8 7 0.501–1.000 [12.50–25.0] all 21.0 [145] ... [...] 15.0 [105] 8 [...] 7T52 up through 1.000 [25.00] all 22.0 [150] 30.0 [205] 16.0M [110] 8 7T6, T62L up through 0.124 [3.20] all 30.0 [205] ... [...] 25.0 [170] 8 ... 0.125–1.000 [3.20–25.00] all 30.0 [205] ... [...] 25.0 [170] 10 7Alloy 6070FT6, T62L up through 2.999 up through 32 48.0 [330] ... [...] 45.0 [310] 6 5Alloy 6351FT4T6 allup through 0.1240.125–0.749 all...... 32.0 [220]42.0 [290]42.0 [290] ... [...]... [...]... [...] 19.0 [130]37.0 [255]37.0 [255] 16810 14...9A The basis of establishment of mechanical property limits is given in Annex A1 of this specification.B To determine conformance to this specification, each value for ultimate tensile strength and for yield strength shall be rounded to the nearest 0.1 ksi [MPa] and each value for elongation to the nearest 0.5 %, both in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.C Elongation of full-section and sheet-type specimens is measured in 2 in.; of cut-out round specimens, in 4× specimen diameter.D For material of such dimensions that a standard test specimen cannot be taken, or for material thinner than 0.062 in., the test for elongation is not required.E Elongations in 50 mm apply for tube tested in full section and for sheet-type specimens machined from material up through 12.5 mm in thickness having parallel surfaces. Elongations in 5× diameter (5.65), where D and A are diameter and cross-sectional area of the specimen, respectively, apply to round test specimens machined from thickness over 6.30 mm. For tube of such dimensions that a standard test specimen cannot be taken, the test for elongation is not required.F These alloys are also produced in the F temper, for which no mechanical properties are specified.G Maximum tensile strength and minimum elongation apply to tubes having diameters from 1.000 in. to 4.500 in. and wall thickness from 0.050 in. to 0.169 in. only. Minimum elongation applies to tubes having diameters from 25.00 to 115.00 mm and wall thickness over 1.30 through 4.30 mm only.H Upon heat treatment, annealed (0 temper) material shall be capable of developing the mechanical properties applicable to T42 temper material, and upon solution and precipitation heat treatment shall be capable of developing the mechanical properties applicable to T62 temper material.I Yield strength is maximum [110 MPa] max.J For stress-relieved tempers (T4510, T4511, T6510 and T6511) characteristics and properties other than those specified may differ somewhat from the corresponding characteristics and properties of material in the basic temper.K Formerly designated T42 temper. Properly aged precipitation heat-treated 6063-T1 extruded products are designated T5.L While material in the T42 and T62 tempers is not available from the material producer, the properties are listed to indicate those which can usually be obtained by the user when the material is properly solution heat treated or solution and precipitation heat treated from the O (annealed) or F (as-fabricated) tempers. These properties apply when samples of material supplied in the O or F temper are heat treated by the producer to the T42 or T62 tempers to determine that the material will respond to proper thermal treatment. Properties attained by the user, however, may be lower than those listed if the material has been formed or otherwise cold or hot worked, particularly in the annealed temper, prior to solution heat treatment.M Maximum yield strength is 25.0 ksi [170 MPa].TABLE 3 Chemical CompositionA,B,CAlloy Composition, %Silicon Iron Copper Manganese Magnesium Chromium Zinc Vanadium Titanium Other ElementsD AluminumEach TotalE10603003 0.250.6 0.350.7 0.050.05–0.20 0.031.0–1.5 0.03... ...... 0.050.10 0.05... 0.03... 0.030.05 ...0.15 99.60 minFremainderAlclad 3003 3003 alloy clad inside or outside with 7072 alloy5083 0.40 0.40 0.10 0.40–1.0 4.0–4.9 0.05–0.25 0.25 ... 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder5086 0.40 0.50 0.10 0.20–0.7 3.5–4.5 0.05–0.25 0.25 ... 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder6061G 0.40–0.8 0.7 0.15–0.40 0.15 0.8–1.2 0.04–0.35 0.25 ... 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder6063 0.20–0.6 0.35 0.10 0.10 0.45–0.9 0.10 0.10 ... 0.10 0.05 0.15 remainder6070 1.0–1.7 0.50 0.15–0.40 0.40–1.0 0.50–1.2 0.10 0.25 ... 0.15 0.05 0.15 remainder6351 0.7–1.3 0.50 0.10 0.40–0.8 0.40–0.8 ... 0.20 ... 0.20 0.05 0.15 remainder7072H 0.7 Si + Fe 0.10 0.10 0.10 ... 0.8–1.3 ... ... 0.05 0.15 remainderA Limits are in percent maximum unless shown as a range or stated otherwise.B Analysis shall be made for the elements for which limits are shown in this table.C For purposes of determining conformance to these limits, an observed value or a calculated value obtained from analysis shall be rounded to the nearest unit in the last right-hand place of figures used in expressing the specified limit, in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.D Others includes listed elements for which no specific limit is shown as well as unlisted metallic elements. The producer may analyze samples for trace elements not specified in the specification. However, such analysis is not required and may not cover all metallic Others elements. Should any analysis by the producer or the purchaser establish that an Others element exceeds the limit of Each or that the aggregate of several Others elements exceeds the limit of Total, the material shall be considered non-conforming.E Other ElementsTotal shall be the sum of unspecified metallic elements 0.010 % or more, rounded to the second decimal before determining the sum.F The aluminum content shall be calculated by subtracting from 100.00 % the sum of all metallic elements present in amounts of 0.010 % or more each, rounded to the second decimal before determining the sum.G In 1965 the requirements for Alloy 6062 were combined with those of Alloy 6061 by revision of the minimum chromium content from 0.15 to 0.04. For this reason, Alloy 6062 was cancelled.H Composition of cladding alloy as applied during the course of manufacture. The sample from finished tube shall not be required to conform to these limits.

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This specification covers annealed bars and grills made from titanium or its alloys. All material grades covered should conform to the required chemical composition requirements. Elements that are intentionally added to the melt should be identified, analyzed and reported in the chemical analysis. Specimens for tension tests should be machined and the tensile properties determined using a specified strain rate through the yield strength and at an increasing rate. Each annealed material may be furnished as either descaled, sandblasted, ground, or rough turned.1.1 This specification2 covers annealed titanium and titanium alloy bars and billets as follows:1.1.1 Grade 1—UNS R50250. Unalloyed titanium,1.1.2 Grade 2—UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium,1.1.2.1 Grade 2H—UNS R50400. Unalloyed titanium (Grade 2 with 58 ksi [400 MPa] minimum UTS),1.1.3 Grade 3—UNS R50550. Unalloyed titanium,1.1.4 Grade 4—UNS R50700. Unalloyed titanium,1.1.5 Grade 5—UNS R56400. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium),1.1.6 Grade 6—UNS R54520. Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 2.5 % tin),1.1.7 Grade 7—UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,1.1.7.1 Grade 7H—UNS R52400. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium (Grade 7 with 58 ksi [400 MPa] minimum UTS),1.1.8 Grade 9—UNS R56320. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium),1.1.9 Grade 11—UNS R52250. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.12 to 0.25 % palladium,1.1.10 Grade 12—UNS R53400. Titanium alloy (0.3 % molybdenum, 0.8 % nickel),1.1.11 Grade 13—UNS R53413. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),1.1.12 Grade 14—UNS R53414. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),1.1.13 Grade 15—UNS R53415. Titanium alloy (0.5 % nickel, 0.05 % ruthenium),1.1.14 Grade 16—UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,1.1.14.1 Grade 16H—UNS R52402. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladiumm (Grade 16 with 58 ksi [400 MPa] minimum UTS),1.1.15 Grade 17—UNS R52252. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,1.1.16 Grade 18—UNS R56322. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium) plus 0.04 to 0.08 % palladium,1.1.17 Grade 19—UNS R58640. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum),1.1.18 Grade 20—UNS R58645. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 8 % vanadium, 6 % chromium, 4 % zirconium, 4 % molybdenum) plus 0.04 %–0.08 % palladium,1.1.19 Grade 21—UNS R58210. Titanium alloy (15 % molybdenum, 3 % aluminum, 2.7 % niobium, 0.25 % silicon),1.1.20 Grade 23—UNS R56407. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium with extra low interstitial elements, ELI),1.1.21 Grade 24—UNS R56405. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.04 % to 0.08 % palladium,1.1.22 Grade 25—UNS R56403. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium) plus 0.3 % to 0.8 % nickel and 0.04 % to 0.08 % palladium,1.1.23 Grade 26—UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,1.1.23.1 Grade 26H—UNS R52404. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium (Grade 26 with 58 ksi [400 MPa] minimum UTS),1.1.24 Grade 27—UNS R52254. Unalloyed titanium plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium,1.1.25 Grade 28—UNS R56323. Titanium alloy (3 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium plus 0.08–0.14 % ruthenium),1.1.26 Grade 29—UNS R56404. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 4 % vanadium, extra low interstitial, ELI plus 0.08 to 0.14 % ruthenium),1.1.27 Grade 30—UNS R53530. Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),1.1.28 Grade 31—UNS R53532. Titanium alloy (0.3 % cobalt, 0.05 % palladium),1.1.29 Grade 32—UNS R55111. Titanium alloy (5 % aluminum, 1 % tin, 1 % zirconium, 1 % vanadium, 0.8 % molybdenum),1.1.30 Grade 33—UNS R53442. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),1.1.31 Grade 34—UNS R53445. Titanium alloy (0.4 % nickel, 0.015 % palladium, 0.025 % ruthenium, 0.15 % chromium),1.1.32 Grade 35—UNS R56340. Titanium alloy (4.5 % aluminum, 2 % molybdenum, 1.6 % vanadium, 0.5 % iron, 0.3 % silicon),1.1.33 Grade 36—UNS R58450. Titanium alloy (45 % niobium),1.1.34 Grade 37—UNS R52815. Titanium alloy (1.5 % aluminum),1.1.35 Grade 38—UNS R54250. Titanium alloy (4 % aluminum, 2.5 % vanadium, 1.5 % iron), and1.1.36 Grade 41—UNS R56461. Titanium alloy (6 % aluminum, 1 % iron).NOTE 1: H grade material is identical to the corresponding numeric grade (that is, Grade 2H = Grade 2) except for the higher guaranteed minimum UTS, and may always be certified as meeting the requirements of its corresponding numeric grade. Grades 2H, 7H, 16H, and 26H are intended primarily for pressure vessel use.1.2 The values state in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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This specification covers hot- and cold-worked precipitation-hardenable nickel alloy rod, bar, forgings, and forging stock for high-temperature service. Chemical analysis shall be performed on the alloy and shall conform to the chemical composition requirement in carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, columbium, tantalum, titanium, aluminum, zirconium, boron, iron, copper, and nickel. The material shall follow recommended annealing treatment, solution treatment, stabilizing treatment, and precipitation hardening treatment. Tension testing, hardness testing and stress-rupture testing shall be performed on the material and shall comply to the required tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction in area, and Brinell hardness.1.1 This specification2 covers hot- and cold-worked precipitation-hardenable nickel alloy rod, bar, forgings, and forging stock for moderate or high temperature service (Table 1).1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to become familiar with all hazards including those identified in the appropriate Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for this product/material as provided by the manufacturer, to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices, and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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This specification deals with carbon and alloy steel forgings (including gas bottles) for use in thin-walled pressure vessels. Covered here are the following grades of steel forgings: Grade A; Grade B; Grade C; Grade D; Grade E, Classes 55, 65, and 70; Grade F, Classes 55, 65, and 70; Grade G, Classes 55, 65, and 70; Grade H, Classes 55, 65, and 70; Grade J, Classes 55, 65, and 70; Grade K; Grade L; Grade J, Class 110; and Grade M, Classes 85 and 100. Materials shall be manufactured by melting procedures, and optionally heat treated by normalization, normalization and tempering, or liquid-quenching and tempering. Heat and product analyses shall be performed wherein steel specimens shall conform to required chemical compositions of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium. Steel materials shall also undergo bending, flattening and hardness tests and shall conform to required values of tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, and hardness. Forgings shall be subjected to magnetic particle examination as well.1.1 This specification2 covers relatively thin-walled forgings (including gas bottles) for pressure vessel use. Three types of carbon steel and six types of alloy steel are included. Provision is made for integrally forging the ends of vessel bodies made from seamless pipe or tubing.NOTE 1: When working to the chemical and tensile requirements of this specification, the influence of wall thickness and cooling rate will necessarily eliminate certain forging sizes in each class.NOTE 2: Designations have been changed as follows:Current FormerlyGrade A Type IGrade B Type IIGrade C Type IIIGrade D Type IVGrade E Class 55 Type V Grade 1 Class 55Grade E Class 65 Type V Grade 1 Class 65Grade E Class 70 Type V Grade 1 Class 70Grade F Class 55 Type V Grade 2 Class 55Grade F Class 65 Type V Grade 2 Class 65Grade F Class 70 Type V Grade 2 Class 70Grade G Class 55 Type V Grade 3 Class 55Grade G Class 65 Type V Grade 3 Class 65Grade G Class 70 Type V Grade 3 Class 70Grade H Class 55 Type V Grade 4 Class 55Grade H Class 65 Type V Grade 4 Class 65Grade H Class 70 Type V Grade 4 Class 70Grade J Class 55 Type V Grade 5 Class 55Grade J Class 65 Type V Grade 5 Class 65Grade J Class 70 Type V Grade 5 Class 70Grade K Type VIGrade L Type VIIGrade J Class 110 Type VIIIGrade M Class 85 Type IX Class AGrade M Class 100 Type IX Class B1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not necessarily exact equivalents; therefore, to ensure conformance with the standard, each system shall be used independently of the other, and values from the two systems shall not be combined.1.3 Unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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This specification covers hot-wrought steel bars for the manufacture of general purpose springs such as coil, torsion, and leaf. The steel shall be melt processed by using open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or electric furnace. The materials shall undergo heat analysis and shall conform to the required chemical compositions and hardenability. The steel specimens shall conform to the required values of rounded corner radii and cross section tolerances for round-edge flat bars.1.1 This specification covers hot-wrought steel bars to be used for the manufacture of general-purpose springs such as coil, torsion, and leaf.1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.1.3 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

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This specification covers hot- and cold-finished alloy steel bars including rounds, squares, hexagons, and hot-rolled or extruded shapes for use in corrosion and heat-resisting service. The steel specimens shall be furnished in the solution annealed condition with subsequent light drawing and straightening permitted. The steel materials shall conform to the required chemical compositions of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. Mechanical tests shall be performed wherein the materials shall conform to the required values of tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, and hardness.1.1 This specification covers hot- and cold-finished alloy steel bars having a chromium content equal to or less than 11.0 % including rounds, squares, hexagons, and hot-rolled or extruded shapes for use in corrosion and heat-resisting service.1.2 Some steels covered by this specification, especially the high silicon-containing steels, because of their particular alloy content and specialized properties, may require special care in their fabrication and welding. Specific procedures are of fundamental importance, and it is presupposed that all parameters will be in accordance with approved test methods capable of producing the desired properties in the finished fabrication.1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.1.4 This specification and the applicable material specifications are expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished in inch-pound units.

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This specification covers seamless and welded titanium and titanium alloy tubing on which the external or internal surface, or both, has been modified by a cold forming process to produce an integral enhanced surface for improved heat transfer. The tubes are used in surface condensers, evaporators, heat exchangers and similar heat transfer apparatus in unfinned end diameters of a specific size. Tubes shall be furnished with unenhanced ends in the annealed condition and shall be suitable for rolling-in operations. Each tube shall be subject to a nondestructive eddy current test, and either a pneumatic or hydrostatic test.1.1 This specification covers seamless and welded titanium and titanium alloy tubing on which at least part of the external or internal surface has been enhanced by cold forming for improved heat transfer. The tubes are used in surface condensers, evaporators, heat exchangers, coils, and similar heat transfer apparatus in diameters up to and including 1 in. [25.4 mm]. The base tube wall thickness is typically at least 0.049 in. [1.245 mm] average, but lighter gauge may be negotiated with the manufacturer.1.2 Tubing purchased to this specification will typically be inserted through close-fitting holes in tubesheets, baffles, or support plates spaced along the tube length such as defined in the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturer’s Association (TEMA) Standard.2 The tube ends will also be expanded, and may then be welded. Tube may also be bent to form U-tubes or be coiled or otherwise formed, although tight radii may require unenhanced length for the bends.1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the order. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.1.4 The following precautionary statement pertains to the test method portion only: Section 8, 9, 10 and S1 of this specification:This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 590元 / 折扣价: 502 加购物车

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This specification deals with the standard structural quality of high-strength low-alloy nickel, copper, phosphorus steel H-piles and sheet piling for use in the construction of dock walls, bulkheads, excavations, and like applications in marine environments. The steel shall be semi-killed or killed and shall be exposed to the washing action of rain and the drying action of wind or sun, or both to determine its atmospheric corrosion resistance. Material specimens shall undergo product analysis, heat analysis, and tension testing and shall conform to the required chemical composition, tolerance, tensile strength, yield point, and elongation specifications.1.1 This specification covers high-strength low-alloy nickel, copper, phosphorus steel H-piles and sheet piling of structural quality for use in the construction of dock walls, sea walls, bulkheads, excavations, and like applications in marine environments.1.2 The atmospheric corrosion resistance of this steel is substantially better than that of ordinary carbon steels with or without copper addition (see Note 1). The steel has also shown to have substantially greater resistance to seawater “Splash Zone” corrosion than ordinary carbon steel (Specifications A36/A36M and A328/A328M) where exposed to the washing action of rain and the drying action of the wind or sun, or both. Where the steel is not boldly exposed, the usual provisions for the protection of ordinary carbon steel should be considered.NOTE 1: For methods of estimating atmospheric corrosion resistance of low-alloy steels, see Guide G101.1.3 When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable for the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized. See Appendix X3 of Specification A6/A6M for information on weldability.1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 515元 / 折扣价: 438 加购物车

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10.1 For purposes of determining compliance with the specified limits for requirements of the properties listed in Table 1 and Table 2, an observed value or a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated in accordance with the rounding method of Practice E29.AbstractThis specification covers vacuum-melted zirconium and zirconium alloy ingots for nuclear application. Materials covered shall be produced by multiple vacuum arc melting, or electron beam melting, or other melting processes conventionally used for reactive metals. Unless otherwise specified, ingots shall be conditioned by machining or grinding or both to remove surface and subsurface defects detrimental to subsequent fabrication. The ingot shall conform to the chemical composition requirements prescribed. The ingots shall be analyzed for the alloying and impurity elements prescribed. Ingots shall be inspected ultrasonically using the prescribed methods. The test shall be conducted in accordance with practice E 114.1.1 This specification covers vacuum-melted zirconium and zirconium alloy ingots for nuclear application.1.2 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 515元 / 折扣价: 438 加购物车

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This specification covers carbon and alloy steel pipe, electric-fusion-welded with filler metal added, fabricated from pressure-vessel-quality plate of several analyses and strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at high temperatures. Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired mechanical properties. The pipes are classified according to steel grades and are designated in classes according to the type of heat treatment performed in the pipe manufacture, whether the weld is radiographically examined, and whether the pipe has been pressure tested. The steel welds shall be made either manually or automatically by an electric process involving the deposition of filler metal. The welded joints shall have positive reinforcement at the center of each side of the weld. The contour of this reinforcement shall be smooth, and the deposited metal shall be fused smoothly and uniformly into the plate surface. The joints shall undergo tension, bend and pressure tests. Unacceptable surface imperfections shall be removed by grinding or machining. The depression after grinding or machining shall be blended uniformly into the surrounding surface. Repair of weld and base metal defects shall be done by welding.1.1 This specification2 covers carbon and alloy steel pipe, electric-fusion-welded with filler metal added, fabricated from pressure-vessel-quality plate of several analyses and strength levels and suitable for high-pressure service at high temperatures. Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired mechanical properties or to comply with applicable code requirements. Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or examination is desired.1.2 The specification nominally covers pipe 16 in. [400 mm] in outside diameter and larger with wall thicknesses up to 3 in. [75 mm] inclusive. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished provided it complies with all other requirements of this specification.1.3 Several grades and classes of pipe are provided.1.3.1 Grade designates the type of plate used as listed in Table 1.1.3.2 Class designates the type of heat treatment performed in the manufacture of the pipe, whether the weld is radiographically examined, and whether the pipe has been pressure tested as listed in 1.3.3.1.3.3 Class designations are as follows (Note 1):Class Heat Treatment on Pipe Radiography, see Section Pressure Test, see Section       10 none none none11 none 9 none12 none 9 8.313 none none 8.320 stress relieved, see 5.3.1 none none21 stress relieved, see 5.3.1 9 none22 stress relieved, see 5.3.1 9 8.323 stress relieved, see 5.3.1 none 8.330 normalized, see 5.3.2 none none31 normalized, see 5.3.2 9 none32 normalized, see 5.3.2 9 8.333 normalized, see 5.3.2 none 8.340 normalized and tempered, see 5.3.3 none none41 normalized and tempered, see 5.3.3 9 none42 normalized and tempered, see 5.3.3 9 8.343 normalized and tempered, see 5.3.3 none 8.350 quenched and tempered, see 5.3.4 none none51 quenched and tempered, see 5.3.4 9 none52 quenched and tempered, see 5.3.4 9 8.353 quenched and tempered, see 5.3.4 none 8.3NOTE 1: Selection of materials should be made with attention to temperature of service. For such guidance, Specification A20/A20M may be consulted.1.4 Optional requirements of a supplementary nature are provided, calling for additional tests and control of repair welding, when desired.1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 590元 / 折扣价: 502 加购物车

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This specification covers UNS R60001, R60802, R60804, and R60901 wrought zirconium and zirconium alloy bars, rods, and wires. All material grades covered should conform to the required chemical composition requirements. Elements that are intentionally added to the melt should be identified, analyzed and reported in the chemical analysis. The zirconium and zirconium alloys should be made from ingots produced by vacuum or plasma arc melting, vacuum electron-beam melting, a combination of the three methods, or other melting processes conventionally used for reactive metals. All processes should be performed in furnaces specifically for reactive metals. Mill products included in this specification should be formed with conventional extrusion, forging, or rolling equipment that is used in primary ferrous and nonferrous plants. The cold worked and annealed materials should be in fully annealed condition unless otherwise specified. Hot worked shapes should be furnished in not descaled, mechanically descaled, or mechanically descaled and pickled finish, while cold-worked shapes should be furnished in cold-worked, ground, or pickled finish.1.1 This specification covers four grades of wrought zirconium and zirconium alloy bars, rod, and wire as follows:1.1.1 R60001—Unalloyed grade,1.1.2 R60802—Zirconium-Tin alloy (Zircaloy 2),1.1.3 R60804—Zirconium-Tin alloy (Zircaloy 4), and1.1.4 R60901—Zirconium-Niobium alloy.1.2 Unless a single unit is used, for example corrosion mass gain in mg/dm2, the values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system must be used independently of the other. SI values cannot be mixed with inch-pound values.1.3 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 590元 / 折扣价: 502 加购物车

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AbstractThese practices cover the different procedures employed in performing four types of treatments for the preparation of aluminum and aluminum alloy surfaces for painting. These processes are broadly classified into the following treatment types: solvent cleaning (Type A); chemical treatments (Type B); anodic treatments (Type C); and mechanical treatments (Type D). Service conditions shall dictate the type of surface preparation that should be employed, although the quality produced by any individual method may still vary with the type of alloy involved. Solvent cleaning does not disturb the natural oxide film on the metal and is applicable in ambient indoor or very mild service conditions. This treatment type may be performed by three methods, as follows: manual swabbing or dip washing; solvent spray cleaning; or vapor degreasing. Chemical treatments may be employed by the following eight methods: alkaline cleaners; sulfuric acid, chromium trioxide etch; alcoholic phosphoric acid cleaner; crystalline phosphate treatment; amorphous phosphate treatment; carbonate chromate treatment; amorphous chromate treatment; or 8) acid-bound resinous treatment. Anodic treatments will provide a protective inert oxide coating which increases corrosion resistance and promotes paint adhesion. This is recommended where maximum corrosion resistance by the treatment itself is desired, but should not be used on assemblies of dissimilar metals. This treatment type may be executed by two methods, namely: sulfuric acid anodic, or chromium trioxide anodic treatment. Mechanical treatments may be implemented by these two methods: hand or power wire brushing or other abrasive treatment; or sandblasting.1.1 These practices cover four types of treatment for preparation of aluminum and aluminum-alloy surfaces for painting, as follows:1.1.1 Type A—Solvent Cleaning.1.1.2 Type B—Chemical Treatments.1.1.3 Type C—Anodic Treatments.1.1.4 Type D—Mechanical Treatments. These four types cover a number of procedures, as described herein.1.2 Variations in surface treatment produce end conditions which differ, and which do not necessarily yield identical results when paints are applied. Service conditions will dictate the type of surface preparation that should be selected, although the quality produced by any individual method may vary with different alloys.1.3 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.4 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 515元 / 折扣价: 438 加购物车

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This specification covers hot- and cold-rolled zirconium and zirconium alloy sheet, strip, and plate.1.1 This specification covers hot- and cold-rolled zirconium and zirconium alloy sheet, strip, and plate.1.2 One unalloyed and three alloys for use in nuclear applications are described.1.3 The products covered in this specification include the following forms and sizes:1.3.1 Sheet, 24 in. [600 mm] or more in width; under 0.187 in. [4.8 mm] in thickness,1.3.2 Strip, less than 24 in. [600 mm] in width; under 0.187 in. [4.8 mm] in thickness, and1.3.3 Plate, over 10 in. [250 mm] in width; 0.187 in. [4.8 mm] and over in thickness.NOTE 1: Material over 0.187 in. [4.8 mm] in thickness and less than 10 in. [250 mm] wide is covered as bar in Specification B351/B351M.1.4 Unless a single unit is used, for example corrosion mass gain in mg/dm2, the values stated in either inch-pound or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore each system must be used independently of the other. SI values cannot be mixed with inch-pound values.1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portions of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.1.6 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

定价: 590元 / 折扣价: 502 加购物车

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